Volleyball Information & Rules

  • All players and guests of The SandBox enter our complex at their own risk. Adults are 100% responsible for minors and guests that they bring to our complex.
  • You must be 18 to play volleyball at The SandBox. Exceptions to this rule may be granted by management in its sole discretion.

Game Cancelations/Rainouts

  • We reserve the right to cancel or delay matches in the event of inclement weather. We try not to cancel any games as we only have a few days for makeup games, but we also want to keep you safe. We will keep the website and social media pages up to date as conditions change. We will also email you if we make any changes. (so make sure that we have a good email address for you!)

The Court:

  • The boundary lines consist of two end lines and two sidelines.
  • A ball is considered in if when landing on the ground it is inside the boundary lines or it makes contact  with any part of the boundary lines.


  • Each match will consist of three sets to 21 points with rally scoring, teams must win by two points. If you lose the first two sets you should still play the third one.
  • Each team is entitled to one 30 second timeout per game.

Game Time:

  • Games are exactly one hour (60 minutes) and are forfeited 10 minutes after the scheduled match time.
  • If the third game is not completed by the time the hour is up, then the score is reported as is.


  • Games are self-officiated. All teams should call their own violations. Any dispute should result in the point being replayed. If disputes persist, please notify the volleyball coordinator. We strive to provide fun and clean competition. Any and all physical or verbal abuse, intimidation, audible cursing, fighting or other physical contact are prohibited and risks temporary or permanent eviction. 

Serving Rules:

  • The ball may be served underhand or overhand.
  • Any serve that touches the net when it goes over is valid and playable unless it lands out of bounds.
  • The server may serve anywhere within the service zone. At the moment of the service contact or take-off for a jump serve, the server is not allowed to touch the court, the end line being included. His/her foot may not go under the end line. If the server steps on or under the end line it is considered a fault and the point and serve goes to the opposing team.
  • In 6 person leagues, the server must serve one underhand serve after each series of 3 consecutive overhand serves, unless both captains/teams agree to waive the 3 serve rule before the start of the match.
  • Blocking or attacking a serve at the net is a violation and results in a point and possession for the serving team.


  • Teams will rotate in a clockwise manner each time they win the serve.
  • In 6 person leagues, all players must remain in service order. Once the ball is contacted, on the serve, players may switch positions on the court.
  • In 6 person leagues, any hit above the net by a back row player must occur behind the 10-foot line. A back row player cannot block an opponent’s attack at the net. The players row is defined by the position that they started in before the serve.
  • In 6 person leagues, a female must contact the ball before it goes over the net, The only exception to this rule occurs when there is only a single contact before the ball returns over the net.
  • In 6 person leagues, each team must have at least as many females as males on the court at all times. Any team may report to staff that an opponent had fewer females than males, in which case the opponent forfeits its games, even if the opponent initially informed the short-handed team that they did not object to the shortage.
  • An unlimited number of rotations may occur, if teams have a new player rotating in, they need to do so in the middle back position. (male for male, female for female)

The Game:

  • First set service is determined by a volley or rock, paper, scissors. In each subsequent set, the first service is by the loser of the previous set.
  • Each team is entitled to a maximum of three hits to return the ball to the opponents.
  • Blocking does not count as one of the teams 3 hits.
  • If two or more non-blocking teammates contact the ball simultaneously, it is considered one contact and the players involved may participate in the next play.
  • If two opposing opponents contact the ball at the same time over the net, the ball remains in play and the team receiving the ball is entitled to another three contacts. If the ball lands out of bounds, it is the fault of the team on the opposite side of the net from where the ball lands.
  • While blocking, a player may touch the ball beyond the plane of the net, provided that that player does not interfere with the opponents play.
  • A player may not hit the ball twice in succession (a block does not constitute a hit)
  • In co-ed play a female must contact the ball at least once if more than one contact is used.
  • A ball may be played off the net.
  • When a ball is driven into the net causing the net to contact a player on the opposite team, no net fault is committed.
  • No throws, catches, lifts or carries are allowed. A slight double hit by hands or fingers is allowed when defending a hard driven ball, such as a spike or serve, and only counts as one contact.
  • Teams change sides of the court after each set.
  • Captains are responsible for reporting scores

Basic Violations:

  • Four hits
  • Double contacts , unless it is the first hit when defending a spiked or served ball.(A player may not hit the ball twice in succession)
  • Stepping on, over, or under the line on a serve
  • Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully (serving it into the net, or out of bounds)
  • Serving out of service order
  • Hitting the ball illegally (carrying, palming – lifting the ball with an open palm, throwing, etc.)
  • Touching the net with any part of your body while the ball is in play unless the net is pushed into you.
  • When a ball is driven into the net causing the net to contact a player, no net fault is committed.
  • Reaching over the net if it interferes with the opponents play or attack
  • Stepping or reaching under the net if it interferes with opposing players
  • A player may not go into another court to make a play on a ball
  • Fighting, taunting or unsportsmanlike conduct will not be tolerated. Fighting will result in automatic ejection from the match for the players involved.

4 person and Doubles Leagues:

  • Players do not need to rotate positions, the players are free to position themselves anywhere on the court; however, all teams must maintain a service order throughout the set.
  • Players may serve overhand/jump serve without needing to switch to underhand after 3 overhand serves.
  • No open hand tipping or “dinking,” closed hand “dinking” is permitted.
  • Lifting, throwing, or double hits are a violation
  • Must be square to and facing the net when hand setting the ball over to the opponents side.
  • A girl does not need to touch the ball before it goes back to the opponents side.
  • For co-ed games teams must not have more guys than girls on the court at any given time unless a 4 person team is playing with only 3 players. 2 guys and a girl is permitted in this case.
  • For OPEN leagues there may be any combination of men and women.
  • Doubles Only, cannot set pass. Hands must be together as one unless passing a hard hit.